ANSWER KEY to Handout 3
- The Panic of 1837 lead to an economic depression that stopped
much development in the city and stifled economic advance for
six or seven years. These hard times forced many people to leave
town in search of work and housing.
- This is the era of the Civil War, manufacturing and industry
increases. Railroads and shipping of raw materials helped this.
German and Irish immigration was changing the United States population.
- This is the time of immigration from eastern and southern
- WWI had effectively ended European immigration and southern
blacks were now recruited to fill the labor needs of industry
and manufacturing. It was called the Great Migration.
- This is the time of the Great Depression and economic opportunities
in the city were very rare. Jobs and housing were hard to find.
- During WWII Cleveland was a large manufacturing center for
the war effort and Cleveland industries expanded. Industrial expansion
continued after the war.
- Industry in Cleveland offered jobs and fair employment practices.
Many African-Americans fled the institutionalized segregation
of the South for the North.
- There were the Hough Riots of 1967 that caused many people
to leave the city. Many heavy industries were closing or leaving
Cleveland for the sunbelt. People begin to leave the city for
the suburbs. The desegregation ruling also caused people to leave
the city and move to the suburbs.
- Answers will vary.
- The population statistics of the City of Cleveland reflect
the historic events of the city, the United States and world events.
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