Teaching Cleveland

Lesson 50

ANSWER KEY to Handout 3


  1. The Panic of 1837 lead to an economic depression that stopped much development in the city and stifled economic advance for six or seven years. These hard times forced many people to leave town in search of work and housing.
  2. This is the era of the Civil War, manufacturing and industry increases. Railroads and shipping of raw materials helped this. German and Irish immigration was changing the United States population.
  3. This is the time of immigration from eastern and southern Europe.
  4. WWI had effectively ended European immigration and southern blacks were now recruited to fill the labor needs of industry and manufacturing. It was called the Great Migration.
  5. This is the time of the Great Depression and economic opportunities in the city were very rare. Jobs and housing were hard to find.
  6. During WWII Cleveland was a large manufacturing center for the war effort and Cleveland industries expanded. Industrial expansion continued after the war.
  7. Industry in Cleveland offered jobs and fair employment practices. Many African-Americans fled the institutionalized segregation of the South for the North.
  8. There were the Hough Riots of 1967 that caused many people to leave the city. Many heavy industries were closing or leaving Cleveland for the sunbelt. People begin to leave the city for the suburbs. The desegregation ruling also caused people to leave the city and move to the suburbs.
  9. Answers will vary.
  10. The population statistics of the City of Cleveland reflect the historic events of the city, the United States and world events.

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