Teaching Cleveland
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Middle School Edition: 6-8

Table of Contents


1796

Lesson 1: What Moses Saw
Objective: To introduce the story of the establishment of Cleveland through the use of a short reading.
Lesson 2: Duties of Citizens in 1802
Objective: To familiarize students with the town government in the early years of Cleveland's settlement.
Lesson 3: Cleveland Inhabitants in 1810
Objective: To familiarize the students with the population of Cleveland in its early years of settlement and with some of the factors which contributed to its failure to grow larger.
Lesson 4: Looking Back: A History is Recorded
Objective: To make students aware of the writing of Cleveland's early history during the mid-nineteenth century and to evaluate selected historical sources used in writing those histories.
Lesson 5: Adversity and Courage: Pioneer Women in the Western Reserve
Objective: To acquaint students with the lives of a group of pioneer women who lived in Cleveland around 1796.

1846

Lesson 6: Cleveland's Response to the Slavery Issue
Objectives: To provide students with an example of how Cleveland responded to the issue of slavery. To introduce students to a prominent member of the Cleveland African-American community and his recollection of a runaway slave case in Cleveland.
Lesson 7: Newspaper Advertisements in the 1840s
Objective: To provide students with the opportunity to understand what life was like in Cleveland in 1846, through the analysis of newspaper advertisements from the period.
Lesson 8: Criminal Court and City Council, 1846
Objectives: To familiarize the student with the responsibilities of city council in 1846. To discuss the types of crimes and corresponding punishments dispensed in the Court of Cleveland in 1846.
Lesson 9: Business and Manufacturing in 1840s Cleveland
Objective: To familiarize students with the variety of businesses and manufacturers in Cleveland fifty years after the founding of the city.
Lesson 10: Men in the Workplace
Objective: To familiarize students with the life of the working man in mid-19th century Cleveland.
Lesson 11: Women in the Workplace
Objectives: To familiarize students with the attitude of women toward their position in the workplace and the reaction of the establishment to that attitude. To compare the working life of women in mid-19th century Cleveland with that of today.
Lesson 12: Cuyahoga County Population, 1840.
Objective: To make students aware of how the population of Cuyahoga County was distributed in 1840.
Lesson 13: Saleratus, Lamp Black, and Sugar of Lead: Recipes and Home Remedies in Mid-Nineteenth Century Cleveland
Objectives: To familiarize students with examples of recipes and home remedies used in Cleveland during the mid-nineteenth century. To allow students to make comparisons between recipes and home remedies used in mid-19th century Cleveland with those of today.
Lesson 14: Cleveland and the Ohio Canal
Objective: To examine a report of the Ohio Canal Collector's Office and to identify items transported to and through Cleveland on the Ohio Canal from 1840 to 1847.
Lesson 15: Thanksgiving Day in Cleveland
Objective: To analyze a primary source and identify how Thanksgiving was celebrated in 1845 as well as identify some of the games children played during that time period.
Lesson 16: School Days
Objective: To examine a sample of educational materials from the 1840s and recreate a 19th-century lesson in reading, spelling, and math.
Lesson 17: A House is a Home
Objective: To examine drawings and floor plans of homes from the 1840s to determine what homes were like during the period and how they compare to homes today.
Lesson 18: Celebration Menu
Objective: To review a 19th century menu from the American Hotel for a special celebration and recognize the different foods that people of the 19th century enjoyed. Students will also compare these foods to the foods we enjoy today.

1896

Lesson 19: "Butcher, Baker, and Stogiemaker"
Objective: To acquaint students with the types of jobs held by the residents of Cleveland at the end of the 19th century.
Lesson 20: Now Playing at the Opera House
Objective: To familiarize students with the type of theatrical entertainment available to Clevelanders at the turn of the century.
Lesson 21: Collect Them All
Objective: To provide students with the opportunity to create their own baseball trading cards.
Lesson 22: Rowdy Baseball
Objective: To familiarize students with the Spiders, Cleveland's professional baseball team in 1896 and their battle with the Baltimore Orioles for the Temple Cup.
Lesson 23: Immigrants All
Objective: To familiarize students with the great increase in immigration which took place in Cleveland beginning in 1896.
Lesson 24: "No Cinders, No Dirt, No Dust, No Smoke"
Objective: To familiarize students with the streetcar and interurban systems, which provided cheap and efficient transportation for Cleveland residents at the turn of the century.
Lesson 25: "Dyspepsia, Pigs' Head Cheese and Universal Magnetic Balm: Recipes and Home Remedies, 1896"
Objectives: To familiarize students with examples of recipes and home remedies used in Cleveland at the end of the nineteenth century. To allow students to make comparisons between recipes and home remedies used in late nineteenth century Cleveland, with those of today.
Lesson 26: Coming to America
Objective: To discuss the journey of immigrants coming to Cleveland at the turn of the century.
Lesson 27: At the Opera
Objective: To familiarize students with the type of social activity the upper class of Cleveland would have patronized during the late 1890s.
Lesson 28: The Haymarket
Objective: To acquaint students with the Haymarket area of Cleveland and its importance in the history of the city.
Lesson 29: Charles F. Brush and the Electric Arc Light
Objective: To familiarize students with the inventor Charles F. Brush and the invention of the arc light.
Lesson 30: Take Me Out to the Ball Game
Objective: To acquaint students with League Park, Cleveland's first "major" league baseball park.
Lesson 31: "Operator!" The Telephone in 1896
Objective: To review telephone directories and catalogues and compare and contrast the telephone as ameans of communication in 1896 with the telephone communication systems of the present.
Lesson 32: McKinley for President, 1896
Objective: To learn about the connection between Cleveland and the 1896 presidential campaign of William McKinley. To understand the significance the campaign button and slogan played in the 1896 presidential campaign and identify its contribution to current campaigns.
Lesson 33: "Dispense with a Horse!" The Winton Horseless Carriage in Cleveland, 1896
Objective: To examine a photograph, newspaper account, and an advertisement to understand the impact Clevelander Alexander Winton had on the automobile industry and Cleveland history.
Lesson 34: Prominent African-Americans in Cleveland, 1896
Objective: To introduce students to important members of the African-American community in the1890s. Students will identify qualities of successful citizens in 1896 and 1996 and then identify prominent citizens of their community today.
Lesson 35: Entertainment, 1896
Objective: To review newspaper advertisements from 1896 and discover the different types of entertainment people enjoyed in 1896.
Lesson 36: Sleighing on Euclid Avenue
Objective: To view a Cleveland winter activity of the 1890s by reading personal accounts of sleighing on Euclid Avenue. Students will create their own "sleighing" competitions by designing a miniature sled for a classroom competition.
Lesson 37: Euclid Beach
Objective: To view a summer amusement part of the 1890s and to compare and contrast it with amusement parks and entertainment of the present.
Lesson 38: A City of Bridges
Objective: To identify the need for bridges across the Cuyahoga River in 1896.

1946

Lesson 39: Cleveland's Sesquicentennial - A Competition in Cleveland History
Objective: To locate information required for a 1946 citywide school competition in Cleveland.
Lesson 40: Pictures Tell Us Stories: A Study of the African-American Community in Cleveland in the 1940s through the Photographs of Allen E. Cole
Objective: To familiarize students with the African-American community in Cleveland in the 1940s through the study of a collection of Cole's photographs from the time period.
Lesson 41: Hide-Ho, the Duke Plays the Palace : African-American Entertainers, 1946
Objective: To acquaint students with the African-American entertainers who performed in Cleveland during the 1940s.
Lesson 42: Help Wanted: Working Class Cleveland, 1946
Objective: To make students aware of employment opportunities available to Cleveland residents in 1946.
Lesson 43: Out Across the Airways, Cleveland Radio, 1946
Objective: To familiarize students with radio entertainment in Cleveland in 1946.To compare and contrast radio entertainment in 1946 with 1996.
Lesson 44: The Merry Mixer, Recipes, 1946
Objective: To familiarize students with the types of recipes which would have been available to women in 1946.
Lesson 45: Early Television in Cleveland
Objective: To understand the contribution Cleveland made to the early years of television broadcasting and communication. Students will review the early issues of television ownership and viewing and analyze the changes that have occurred in television program design and offering.
Lesson 46: Neighborhood and Land Use in the 1940s
Objective: To review neighborhood issues from the 1940s including the definition of a neighborhood and the ideal design of a neighborhood unit developed by a Cleveland organization in 1943. Students will review their own neighborhood today and redesign it including a safe playground within the neighborhood.
Lesson 47: The Homeless of 1946
Objective: To identify the major causes of homelessness in 1946 and how the Cleveland community responded. Students will compare and contrast the homeless situation in 1946 with the homeless in 1996.
Lesson 48: Looking at Newspaper Ads, 1946
Objective: To analyze a variety of newspaper advertisements from 1946 in order to draw conclusions about what life was like for ordinary people in Cleveland in 1946.
Lesson 49: After the War, Supply and Demand, an Economics Lesson
Objective: To define the terms supply, demand, and scarcity and the effects upon the production of goods and services. Students will understand how the scarcity of certain consumer goods affected Clevelanders in 1946.

1996

Lesson 50: The Population of a City Changes Through Time
Objective: To examine population statistics for the City of Cleveland from 1810 - 1990. Students will compare the population statistics of African-Americans in the city of Cleveland with the overall population statistics for Cleveland.
Lesson 51: A Tour of Cleveland
Objective: To plan an imaginary trip around the city of Cleveland. Students will become familiar with Cleveland and its many places of interest by designing a tour of attractions, recreational facilities and historic sites.
Lesson 52: The Flats of the 1990s - from Settlement to Development
Objective: To understand the current development of the Flats through the reading and analysis of a short history and time line from 1796 to the 1990s.
Lesson 53: Pride in Cleveland
Objective: To create a time line of Cleveland "firsts", and review the city seal, city flag, and city motto. Students will create a new seal, flag and motto, reflecting what they think is important about Cleveland today.

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