Teaching Cleveland
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High School Edition: 9-12

Table of Contents

1796

Lesson 1: Moses Cleaveland: Mapping the Reserve
Objectives: To acquaint the student with the part Moses Cleaveland played in the mapping and settlement of Cleveland. To discuss the relationship between Native Americans and Moses Cleaveland as the agent of the Connecticut Land Company.
Lesson 2: Duties of Citizens in 1802
Objective: To familiarize students with the town government in the early years of Cleveland's settlement.
Lesson 3: Cleveland Inhabitants in 1810
Objective: To familiarize the students with the population of Cleveland in its early years of settlement and with some of the factors which contributed to its failure to grow larger.
Lesson 4: Looking Back: A History is Recorded
Objective: To make students aware of the writing of Cleveland's early history during the mid-nineteenth century and to evaluate selected historical sources used in writing those histories.
Lesson 5: Selling the Reserve: Turhand Kirtland's Letter to Moses Cleaveland
Objectives: To discuss the difficulty encountered by the Connecticut Land Company in its attempts to sell the lands of the Western Reserve. To discuss the factors which contributed to the development of a cash poor economy on the frontier and how these factors could be overcome to enable the Connecticut Land Company to sell the lands of the Western Reserve.

1846

Lesson 6: Cleveland's Response to the Slavery Issue
Objectives: To provide students with an example of how Cleveland responded to the issue of slavery. To introduce students to a prominent member of the Cleveland African-American community and his recollection of a runaway slave case in Cleveland.
Lesson 7: Newspaper Advertisements in the 1840s
Objective: To provide students with the opportunity to understand what life was like in Cleveland in 1846, through the analysis of newspaper advertisements from the period.
Lesson 8: Education - 1846: Issues and Beliefs
Objective: To provide students with an overview of the public education system in Cleveland in 1846 through the use of a reading and accompanying questions for discussion.
Lesson 9: Markets in Mid-Nineteenth Century Cleveland
Objectives: To familiarize students with the importance of markets in the lives of mid-nineteenth century Clevelanders. To acquaint students with the regulations which market vendors had to adhere to in mid-nineteenth century Cleveland.
Lesson 10: The "Wild Bunch" Fire fighting in Mid-Nineteenth Century Cleveland
Objective: To familiarize students with fire fighting in Cleveland in the mid-nineteenth century.
Lesson 11: The Art of Letter writing in Mid-nineteenth Century America
Objective: To acquaint students with the importance of the art of letter writing as a form of communication in mid-nineteenth century America.
Lesson 12: Criminal Court and City Council, 1846
Objectives: To familiarize the student with the responsibilities of city council in 1846. To discuss the types of crimes and corresponding punishments dispensed in the Criminal Court of Cleveland in 1846.
Lesson 13: Business and Manufacturing in 1840s Cleveland
Objective: To familiarize students with the variety of businesses and manufacturers in Cleveland fifty years after the founding of the city.
Lesson 14: Men in the Workplace
Objective: To familiarize students with the life of the working man in mid-19th century Cleveland.
Lesson 15: Women in the Workplace
Objectives: To familiarize students with the attitude of women toward their position in the workplace and the reaction of the establishment to that attitude. To compare the working life of women in mid-19th century Cleveland with that of today.
Lesson 16: Cuyahoga County Population, 1840.
Objective: To make students aware of how the population of Cuyahoga County was distributed in 1840.
Lesson 17: Saleratus, Lamp Black, and Sugar of Lead: Recipes and Home Remedies in Mid-Nineteenth Century Cleveland
Objectives: To familiarize students with examples of recipes and home remedies used in Cleveland during the mid-nineteenth century. To allow students to make comparisons between recipes and home remedies used in mid-nineteenth century Cleveland with those of today.

1896

Lesson 18: "Butcher, Baker, and Stogiemaker"
Objective: To acquaint students with the types of jobs held by the residents of Cleveland at the end of the 19th century.
Lesson 19: Now Playing at the Opera House
Objective: To familiarize students with the type of theatrical entertainment available to Clevelanders at the turn of the century.
Lesson 20: Rowdy Baseball
Objective: To familiarize students with the Spiders, Cleveland's professional baseball team, in 1896 and their battle with the Baltimore Orioles for the Temple Cup.
Lesson 21: Immigrants All
Objective: To familiarize students with the great increase in immigration which took place in Cleveland beginning in 1896.
Lesson 22: "No Cinders, No Dirt, No Dust, No Smoke"
Objective: To familiarize students with the streetcar and interurban systems which provided cheap and efficient transportation for Cleveland residents at the turn of the century.
Lesson 23: "Dyspepsia, Pigs' Head Cheese and Universal Magnetic Balm: Recipes and Home Remedies, 1896"
Objectives: To familiarize students with examples of recipes and home remedies used in Cleveland at the end of the nineteenth century. To allow students to make comparisons between recipes and home remedies used in late nineteenth century Cleveland with those of today.
Lesson 24: Coming to America
Objective: To discuss the journey of immigrants coming to Cleveland at the turn of the century.
Lesson 25: "Heelers, Boodlers, and War Bummers: Political Bossism in Cleveland"
Objectives: To acquaint students with the politics of Cleveland at the turn of the century. To make students aware of the existence and influence of political machines in Cleveland during the period immediately before the era of political reform.
Lesson 26: The Haymarket
Objective: To acquaint students with the Haymarket area of Cleveland and its importance in the history of the city.
Lesson 27: Hiram House: Neighbor to All
Objective: To increase student awareness of living conditions among the people who were served by the Hiram House Settlement.
Lesson 28: The Zuckey Gang
Objective: To discuss conditions among young teens in the Haymarket area at the turn of the century and the efforts of the social workers at Hiram House Settlement to combat the existence of gangs in the area.
Lesson 29: Charles F. Brush and the Electric Arc Light
Objective: To familiarize students with the inventor Charles F. Brush and the invention of the arc light.
Lesson 30: At the Opera
Objective: To familiarize students with the type of social activity the upper class of Cleveland would have patronized during the late 1890s.
Lesson 31: Take Me Out to the Ball Game
Objective: To acquaint students with League Park, Cleveland's first "major" league baseball park.
Lesson 32: Prominent African-Americans in Cleveland during the 1890s
Objective: To introduce students to important members of the African-American community in the 1890s. Students will identify qualities and characteristics of successful citizens in 1896 and 1996 and then identify prominent citizens of their community today.

1946

Lesson 33: Cleveland's Sesquicentennial - A Competition in Cleveland History
Objective: Students will locate information required for a 1946, citywide school competition in Cleveland.
Lesson 34: Pictures Tell Us Stories: A Study of the African-American Community in Cleveland in the 1940s through the Photographs of Allen E. Cole
Objective: To familiarize students with the African-American community in Cleveland in the 1940s through the study of a collection of Cole's photographs from the time period.
Lesson 35: Hide-Ho, the Duke Plays the Palace : African-American Entertainers, 1946
Objective: To acquaint students with the African-American entertainers who performed in Cleveland during the 1940s.
Lesson 36: Help Wanted: Working Class Cleveland, 1946
Objective: To make students aware of employment opportunities available to Cleveland residents in 1946.
Lesson 37: Where Blighted Areas Bloom into Acres of Homes: Outwaithe Homes
Objective: To discuss the creation of public housing in Cleveland.
Lesson 38: Central High School, 1946
Objective: To familiarize students with Central High School in 1946.
Lesson 39: Ominous Doom: Transportation vs. A Neighborhood, the Proposed Central Avenue Freeway
Objective: To make students aware of the controversy which arose in the mid-1940s over the proposed construction of the Central Avenue Freeway.
Lesson 40: Out Across the Airways, Cleveland Radio, 1946
Objectives: To familiarize students with radio entertainment in Cleveland in 1946. To compare and contrast radio entertainment in 1946 with 1996.
Lesson 41: The Merry Mixer, Recipes, 1946
Objective: To familiarize students with the types of recipes which would have been available to women in 1946.

1996

Lesson 42: The Population of a City Changes through Time
Objective: To examine population statistics for the city of Cleveland from 1810 - 1990. Students will compare the population statistics of African-Americans in the city of Cleveland with the overall population statistics for Cleveland.
Lesson 43: A Tour Of Cleveland
Objective: To plan an imaginary trip around the city of Cleveland. Students will become familiar with Cleveland and its many places of interest by designing a tour of attractions, recreational facilities and historic sites.
Lesson 44: The Flats of the 1990s - from Settlement to Development
Objective: To understand the current development of the Flats though the reading and analysis of a short history and time line from 1796 to the 1990s.
Lesson 45: Pride in Cleveland
Objective: To create a time line of Cleveland "firsts," and review the city seal, city flag, and city motto.Students will create a new seal, flag, and motto, reflecting what they think is important about Cleveland today.

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