Teaching Cleveland
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High School Edition: 9-12

Lesson 18

"Butcher, Baker, and Stogiemaker"

OBJECTIVES: To acquaint students with the types of jobs held by the residents of Cleveland at the end of the 19th century.

INSTRUCTIONAL MATERIALS:

TERMS:

peddler cooper milliner coremaker
wire drawer laster flag layer stenographer
teamster stogiemaker pressman flagging contractor
porter paperhanger bridge tender

LESSON FOCUS:

  1. What types of jobs were held by the residents of Cleveland at the end of the 19th century?
  2. What does these jobs tell you about the types of businesses and industries present in Cleveland at the turn of the century?

TEACHING PROCEDURE:

  1. This activity may be done by students individually or in groups. Distribute copies of the neighborhood survey to the students. (If working in groups, divide the class into 5 groups and distribute one neighborhood survey sheet and one worksheet to each group.) Have the students complete the activity as directed.
  2. The teacher may want to have students use the city directories of Cleveland to research a particular area of the city in a given year. Directories before 1920 listed male residents in a household and their occupations. The Cleveland Public Library, the Cuyahoga County Library and the Library of the Western Reserve Historical Society all have copies of the directories.
  3. Students might want to use the Center City map for 1896 to locate the residences and businesses of the area. The Sanborn and Hopkins Insurance Maps, also available at the Cleveland Public Library, the Cuyahoga County Library and the library of the Western Reserve Historical Society, contain detailed hand-drawn maps of the area indicating everything from businesses located there, to the types of dwellings. These vital pieces of historical record help students to gain a better picture of what life was like during a particular time period.

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