"Butcher, Baker, and Stogiemaker"
OBJECTIVES: To acquaint students with the types of jobs held by
the residents of Cleveland at the end of the 19th century.
| peddler || cooper || milliner
| wire drawer || laster
|| flag layer || stenographer
| teamster || stogiemaker
|| pressman || flagging contractor
| porter || paperhanger
|| bridge tender || |
- What types of jobs were held by the residents of Cleveland
at the end of the 19th century?
- What does these jobs tell you about the types of businesses
and industries present in Cleveland at the turn of the century?
- This activity may be done by students individually or in groups.
Distribute copies of the neighborhood survey to the students.
(If working in groups, divide the class into 5 groups and distribute
one neighborhood survey sheet and one worksheet to each group.)
Have the students complete the activity as directed.
- The teacher may want to have students use the city directories
of Cleveland to research a particular area of the city in a given
year. Directories before 1920 listed male residents in a household
and their occupations. The Cleveland Public Library, the Cuyahoga
County Library and the Library of the Western Reserve Historical
Society all have copies of the directories.
- Students might want to use the Center City map for 1896 to
locate the residences and businesses of the area. The Sanborn
and Hopkins Insurance Maps, also available at the Cleveland Public
Library, the Cuyahoga County Library and the library of the Western
Reserve Historical Society, contain detailed hand-drawn maps of
the area indicating everything from businesses located there,
to the types of dwellings. These vital pieces of historical record
help students to gain a better picture of what life was like during
a particular time period.