Teaching Cleveland

Lesson 9

Handout 1 - Regulating Markets in 1840s Cleveland


Establishing and regulating Market-Houses and the vending of Meats and other Provisions.
8. The market shall be open all days in the week except Sundays, from sunrise to 12 o'clock Midnight. and on Saturdays until 9 o'clock P.M.
9. All wagons, carts and other vehicles containing provisions, to be vended at or near the market shall be under the direction of the market clerk; and any person owning or having charge of a vehicle, refusing to obey the orders of said clerk, shall forfeit and pay a fine not exceeding five dollars. Meat, by the quarter only, and all other provisions, may be sold free of charge from such vehicles.
10. It shall not be lawful for any person in the city of Cleveland, to sell or offer to sell, purchase, or offer to purchase, or to entice, persuade, or advise any person to sell or offer to sell, buy or offer to buy, between sunrise, and 12 O'clock M. at any other place than the public market, any fresh meat, less that by the quarter, except wild game and offal of hogs, nor any other provisions, except by the quantity, to wit: butter or lard by the keg or barrel, cheese not less than the 100 lbs, eggs by the bbl, vegetables of any kind not less than ten bushels, poultry not less than 100 lbs, and fresh fish not less than 50 lbs. And any person violating any of the provisions of this sections shall forfeit and pay a sum of not less than five nor more than twenty dollars for each and every offence; provided that nothing herein contained shall be construed to prohibit the vending by merchants, at their stores, of butter, lard, cheese, eggs, poultry, and vegetables of than those commonly called garden vegetables.
12. All weights and measures used in and about the public market shall conform to the city standards, and all commodities shall be sold by weight or measure, in or about said market....It is hereby made the duty of the market clerk to supply the market with the necessary standard weights and measures, at the expense of the city.
13. If any person shall sell or offer to sell, in this city, any unwholesome, stale, emaciated, blown, stuffed, teinted, putrid, or measly meat, poultry, or other article, such person shall forfeit and pay a sum not less than five, nor more than twenty-five dollars.
15. No person shall cut-up, handle, or sell, in the public market or any other licensed place of vending, any butcher's meat, unless he or she shall be cleanly clad, not be guilty of any indecent or disorderly conduct, playing at games, using profane or obscene language in or about said markets; nor shall the lessee or occupier of any stall therein, permit his or her dog, or other offensive or dangerous animal to be in or about said markets, under a penalty of one dollar for each and every offence.
17. It shall not be lawful for any person to slaughter within the limits of the city any beeves, sheep, cattle, or swine, for the purpose of vending or packing unless licensed by the council to do so, under the penalty of five dollars for each and every offence.
18. Every person leasing a stall or stalls in the public market, by the year, for the sale of butcher's meat. and every person obtaining a permit from the council to vend the same, at a place other than the public market, shall, before he shall be permitted to sell, obtain from the mayor a certificate or license, which shall set forth the holder's name, the place where he is authorized to sell, the price of the stall or permit,...the time for which he may sell....

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