Teaching Cleveland
Elementary School Edition: K-5

Table of Contents


Lesson 1: What Moses Saw
Objective: To introduce the story of the establishment of Cleveland through the use of a short reading.
Lesson 2: Building a Home in Cleveland in 1796
Objective: To introduce students to the type of homes the first settlers of Cleveland built. Students will understand the simplicity of the dwellings as well as the building techniques and how they differ from methods used today.
Lesson 3: Early Pioneer Foods
Objective: To introduce students to the different foods eaten by Early Cleveland settlers and the methods of preserving and preparing the foods.
Lesson 4: The Quilting Bee
Objective: To acquaint students with some of the activities of the early Cleveland settlers.


Lesson 5: The Ohio Canal
Objective: To understand what the Ohio Canal was and how it affected the growth of Cleveland.
Lesson 6: Games Children Played in the 1840s
Objective: To become familiar with the games and amusements children played in the 1840s and compare them to the games they play today.
Lesson 7: "Stray Cows and an Animal Menagerie" -- Newspaper Ads of 1846
Objective: To compare and contrast newspaper advertisements of 1846 with advertisements and amusements of today.
Lesson 8: School Days
Objective: To examine a sample of educational materials from the 1840s and recreate a 19th century lesson in reading, spelling or math.
Lesson 9: A House is a Home
Objective: To examine drawings and floor plans of homes from the 1940s to determine what homes were like during that time period and how they compare to homes today.
Lesson 10: A Celebration Menu
Objective: To review a 19th century menu from the American Hotel for a special celebration and recognize the different foods that people of the 19th century enjoyed. Students will also compare these foods to the foods we enjoy today.


Lesson 11: Children's Parties in 1896
Objective: To view a "slice of life" in the 1890's by reviewing the "party etiquette" of birthday parties in the 1890s, including how to write the proper invitation and what games should be played at the party.
Lesson 12: Homemade Toys of the 1890s
Objective: To become familiar with some of the toys that children in the 1890s made for their entertainment, using creativity and readily available materials.
Lesson 13: "The Bicycle Is All The Rage"
Objective: To understand the effect the popularity of the bicycle had on the Cleveland community, and compare and contrast the bicycle of 1890 and today.
Lesson 14: "Operator!" - The Telephone in 1896
Objective: To review telephone directories and catalogues and compare and contrast the telephone as a means of communication of the present.
Lesson 15: McKinley for President!
Objective: To learn about the connection between Cleveland and the 1896 presidential campaign of William McKinley. To understand the significance the campaign button and slogan played in the 1896 presidential campaign and identify its contribution to current presidential campaigns.
Lesson 16: "Dispense with a Horse!" The Winton Motor Carriage in Cleveland, 1896
Objective: To examine a photograph, newspaper account and an advertisement to understand the impact Clevelander, Alexander Winton, had on the automobile industry and Cleveland history.
Lesson 17: Prominent African-Americans in Cleveland during the 1890s
Objective: To introduce students to important members of the African-American community in the 1890s. Students will identify qualities and characteristics of successful citizens in 1896 and 1996 and identify prominent citizens of their community today.
Lesson 18: Entertainment - 1896
Objective: To review newspaper advertisements from 1896 and discover the different types of entertainment people enjoyed in 1896.
Lesson 19: Sleighing on Euclid Avenue in 1896
Objective: To view a Cleveland winter activity of the 1890s by reading personal accounts of sledding on Euclid Avenue. Students will create their own "sleighing" competitions by designing a miniature sled for classroom competition.
Lesson 20: Euclid Beach - A Cleveland Amusement Park of the 1890s
Objective: To view a summer amusement park of the 1890s and to compare and contrast with amusement parks and entertainment of the present.
Lesson 21: Collect Them All
Objective: To provide students with the opportunity to create their own baseball trading cards.


Lesson 22: The "Modern" Home of 1946
Objective: To identify some of the innovations in the homes of 1946 and to compare and contrast the "model" Cleveland home of 1946 with the "model" Cleveland home of today.
Lesson 23: The Merry Mixer, Recipes, 1946
Objective: To familiarize students with the types of recipes which would have been available to women in 1946.
Lesson 24: Pictures Tell Us Stories: A Study of the African-American Community in Cleveland in the 1940s through the Photographs of Allen E. Cole
Objective: To familiarize students with the African-American community in Cleveland in the 1940s through the study of a collection of Cole's photographs from the time period.
Lesson 25: Early TV in Cleveland
Objective: To understand the contribution Cleveland made to the early years of television broadcasting and communication. Students will review the early issues of television ownership and viewing and analyze the changes that have occurred in television program design and offerings.
Lesson 26: Looking at Newspaper Ads of 1946
Objective: To analyze a variety of newspaper advertisements from 1946 in order to draw conclusions about what life was like for ordinary people in Cleveland in 1946.


Lesson 27: The Population of a City Changes Through Time
Objective: To examine population statistics for the City of Cleveland from 1810 to1990, including a comparison of the African-American population throughout Cleveland's history.
Lesson 28: A Tour of Cleveland
Objective: To plan an imaginary trip around the city of Cleveland. Students will become familiar with Cleveland and its many places of interest by designing a tour of attractions, recreational facilities and historic sites.
Lesson 29: The Flats of the 1990s - From Settlement to Development
Objective: To understand the current development of the Flats through the reading and analysis of a short history and timeline from 1796 to the 1990s. Using the information, students will then play a board game designed around the Flats.
Lesson 30: Pride in Cleveland
Objective: To create a timeline of Cleveland "firsts" and review the city seal, city flag, and city motto. Students will create a new seal, flag, and motto, reflecting what they think is important about Cleveland today.

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