Early TV in Cleveland
Students will understand the contribution Cleveland made to the
early years of television broadcasting and communication. Students
will review the early issues of television ownership and viewing.
Students will analyze the changes that have occurred in television
program design and offerings.
- When did television first begin in Cleveland?
- How different or similar were the early TV programs than the
TV programs of today?
- What were some of the issues surrounding this new medium called
television in the 1940s?
- Begin by asking students what some of their favorite TV programs
are today? What times are these programs broadcast? When do they
watch TV the most? What about their parents?
- What different types of programs are offered on TV today?
(answers should include entertainment, sports, news, educational
programming, music, courses, shopping, etc.) How often can you
watch TV? Is there a time when there is nothing broadcast on TV?
- Ask students when they think TV was first broadcast in Cleveland?
(1947, WEWS) What programs do you think children watched in the
early years of TV?
- Distribute or display the Tele-Vue schedule and read
through it. Note differences in the schedule of 1949 with the
schedules of today. How many channels? How many programs? What
types of programs were offered?
- Distribute or read to the students the article "Mind
You, I Love Video." First ask students what the writer meant
by "Video". How is it different than what we think of
when we hear the word video today? What are some of the issues
this "new" technology of television posed in 1949. (people
who don't have TVs, visiting your house to watch the programs)
Can they think of a similar situation today? (cable TV - people
who don't have those cable stations coming to your house to watch
a program.) What is the "tone" of this article? What
message is the writer trying to convey to the reader?
- Ask students to think about television today. If they could
design a day of TV viewing for their family, what types of programs
would they include? They should keep in mind that the programs
should satisfy the wants of their entire family. Encourage them
to be creative. They should create new program ideas, not simply
repeat current programs. Then have students write an essay about
one of the programs they would like to see on the air, or have
them create a program schedule of their programs for a day. Instead
of an essay, students could draw a picture of their program or
ad advertisement for it as if it was on a TV screen.
- A group activity for older students could be created around
the development of a new television station. Groups would need
to decide their "call letters", their logo design, decide
on what programs they will offer and then develop the program
schedule. Each group would then create their initial broadcast
introducing the station, programs, etc.